Choosing the Right Blockchain for Asset Tokenization

Choosing the Right Blockchain for Asset Tokenization 

As the demand for efficient and secure methods of representing real-world assets (RWA) in a digital format grows, understanding the key factors in choosing the right blockchain becomes paramount. This article delves into the considerations and criteria essential for making informed decisions in the realm of asset tokenization, ensuring a strategic and effective approach to this transformative financial technology. 

Understanding Asset Tokenization 

Asset tokenization is the process of converting ownership rights to a real-world asset into digital tokens on a blockchain. These tokens can represent partial or complete ownership of an asset, making it easier to divide, trade, and invest in traditionally illiquid assets, a process also called “fractionalization”. The key benefits of asset tokenization include increased liquidity, reduced transaction costs, and improved accessibility for a wider range of investors. 

Choosing a suitable blockchain network is a crucial decision that can have a significant impact on the success and sustainability of a tokenization project. Nebst its various benefits blockchain also poses some challenges such as scalability and regulatory compliance. Therefore, it is important to consider several factors before selecting a blockchain network that suits the project’s needs and goals. 

We will discuss some of the key factors to consider when choosing a blockchain platform: 

  • Security and trust are of utmost importance in asset tokenization. The blockchain chosen should have strong security measures to protect digital assets and their owners. Only Blockchains with a proven security and resilience track record against hacking and fraud are worth considering.  In terms of their security profile and track record, Bitcoin and Ethereum are probably unparalleled.  
  • Regulatory compliance is crucial to ensure that your asset tokenization project operates within your country’s legal framework. Different countries have different requirements for digital assets, so it’s important to choose a blockchain that supports regulatory compliance. Some blockchains offer features that allow issuers to implement Know Your Customer (KYC) and Anti-Money Laundering (AML) procedures, which are often required for security token offerings (STOs). 
  • Scalability is a key factor in handling a growing number of users and transactions. The blockchain you choose should be able to handle the anticipated volume of asset tokenization without experiencing congestion or surging transaction fees. Scalability solutions like Ethereum 2.0 and Layer 2 solutions like Optimistic Rollups and zk-Rollups can improve the throughput and reduce the cost of transactions.  
  • Interoperability is an important factor when choosing a blockchain for asset tokenization, especially if you plan to tokenize various types of assets or want to leverage assets on multiple blockchains or transfer assets between different blockchains.   
  • Different blockchains use different token standards, which can affect the compatibility of assets across platforms. It’s important to choose a blockchain that supports token standards suitable for your specific asset type and use case, for example, security tokens or non-fungible tokens (NFTs). Ethereum for instance possesses the widest variety of different Token Standards for different use cases – like the ERC 3643, which enables compliant asset tokenization. 
  • The target customer is the intended user or beneficiary of the project. Different customers may have different preferences and expectations from a blockchain platform, such as the level of trust, the degree of control, the availability of arbitrage opportunities, and the protection of data privacy. It is, however, unlikely that most so-called “retail users are strongly opinionated about the different chains.  
  • The strength and size of a blockchain’s community and ecosystem can be indicative of its long-term viability. A thriving community can provide valuable resources, support, and development updates. Consider the availability of developers, tools, and dApps (decentralized applications) on the chosen blockchain, as these factors can significantly impact the success of an asset tokenization project. For example, Solana was often ridiculed for having a “weak” community composed mostly of VCs who invested in various dApps but has since been able to diversify its user base 


In Practice  

While the theoretical consideration of Blockchain networks to use for tokenization is certainly an intriguing endeavor it is worthwhile looking into which chains are getting adopted by the market. For this lets dive into one of the biggest tokenized asset markets: Tokenized US Treasury Bonds. 

The market for tokenized US Treasury bonds has been growing rapidly in 2023, as the demand for traditional finance (TradFi) yield increased among crypto investors. According to, a data firm that tracks real-world assets on blockchains, the market value of tokenized US Treasury bonds reached $614 million in July 2023, up from $105 million at the end of 2022. The main drivers of this growth are the rising US Treasury bond yields, which surpassed the yields in decentralized finance (DeFi) amid the crypto market downturn, and the innovation of new platforms and products that offer tokenized US Treasury bonds to various types of investors. 


In the quest for the optimal blockchain platform for asset tokenization, it is crucial to examine and compare the strengths and weaknesses of prominent chains. Each blockchain brings its unique features to the table, catering to different needs and preferences within the asset tokenization landscape. Let’s do a short examination of the most popular chains used to tokenize US Treasury Bills: 



  Key Strengths   Key Weaknesses  
  • Programmability 
  • excellent for arbitrating transactional events in various industries 
  • Supports only 14 TPS (transitioning from PoW to PoS consensus) 
  • expensive gas fees 
  • Fast transaction processing speeds 
  • consistently low transaction fees 
  • resistance to censorship 
  • delegated staking  
  • More centralized than Ethereum on a technical level 
  • what Polygon gains in flexibility can be offset by security 
  • High speed of transactions (2000 TPS)  
  • low transaction costs, enhanced by tech elements such as blockchain smart contracts 
  • decentralization  
  • High competition, especially from Ripple  
  • minimum limit for having access 
  • Scalability, resistance to censorship 
  • delegated staking  
  • speed & transaction fees  
  • Stability – with 7 outages in 2022 
  • fewer projects 
  • Inflation 


By comprehensively analyzing these blockchains, stakeholders can make informed decisions based on their specific project requirements, priorities, and preferences for asset tokenization.  

Companies may choose specific blockchains for asset tokenization based on a combination of technical features, market conditions, and the unique requirements of their projects. As evidenced by the rapid growth in tokenized U.S. Treasury bonds, the market continues to evolve. Companies navigating this landscape must carefully align their blockchain choices with project goals, regulatory requirements, and the preferences of their target users. Ultimately, the journey toward effective asset tokenization involves a delicate balance between technological innovation, regulatory compliance, and meeting the diverse needs of a dynamic financial ecosystem. By understanding the unique features of each blockchain and aligning them with project objectives, companies can embark on a transformative path toward unlocking the full potential of asset tokenization in the digital era. 

It is important to note that currently there is no such thing as a perfect chain to tokenize on. In the currently evolving landscape, it is rather about the consideration of needed features and tolerable cons of the individual blockchain networks as outlined above.  

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